With their great reedy canes and palmy foliage, cannas would be magnificent even if they never bloomed. However, they keep pumping out colorful flowers from late spring or early summer to frost. Plant cannas as a tall border; they are even perfect for narrow spaces. The plant looks fantastic when backlit by a setting sun.
Or, make cannas the focus and hero of large patio pots filled with super bright annuals. Liven up plantings near water features or boggy areas where these cannas will happily thrive.
Mix cannas with grasses, lantana, zinnias, snapdragons, elephant ears, salvia, periwinkles and more. Cannas are planted both as eye catching focal points and as small, unsuspecting accents. Do this job after the leaves have yellowed, died back, or have been killed by frost, but before a hard freeze occurs.
Most gardeners dig up their bulbs immediately after the foliage has been killed by the first light frost in fall or early winter. Dig up the roots with a shovel or garden fork about one foot away from the stem so that the rhizome is not damaged. With your hands, gently loosen the soil and lift out the clump.
Shake off the dirt and cut off the foliage. Bring rhizomes inside to store. Wrap individual bulbs in newspapers or paper bags with a small amount of dry growing medium, such as peat moss to absorb moisture and prevent rot. Bulbs should not touch each other. Sprinkle with sand or peat moss as needed.
How to Care for Canna Lilies in the Winter
If you find rot, trim away the bad piece or discard. Keep plants in pots dry until you move them outside for the summer. When replanting, make sure that each divided piece has at least one node, which is where new leaves will grow from in following seasons. Then plant 4 to 5 inches deep and 1 to 4 feet apart. Flowers are words which even a babe may understand. I just received 2 canna rhizomes in the mail.
It is September. Do I winterize them or plant them until frost? I bought two beautiful Canna Lily plants in early Spring and they have thrived. We have noticed this past week some unusual looking fruit pods?Although an outdoor plant by nature, the Calla Lily will perform wonderfully as an indoor plant.
Keeping this rhizome happy indoors is a matter of paying attention to some very basic growing conditions. The Zantedeschia aethiopica is native to southern Africa. As such, this plant is used to very different growing conditions than are found naturally in other parts of the world.
Growing from a single rhizome, or bulb, this plant requires wet growing conditions in order to remain healthy. These oddly shaped flowers bloom in June and July outdoors, but from spring into fall if kept at the proper temperatures indoors.
Otherwise, these plants provide beautiful leaves for the rest of the year. How it looks: This plant grows directly from its bulb, without any stems in between. Large leaves open up just above the soil, and rise 2 to 3 feet into the air as they unfurl.
The trumpet shaped flowers grow a few inches or so above the dark green foliage at the top of a tall stalk. A single bulb will produce multiple leaves and flowers. Leaves are shaped like an arrow and grow quite dark. The white flowers can grow up to 10 inches long each. Every bloom produces a large, single-petal flower that resembles an upturned bell with one side stretched out of proportion. The center stamen is always yellow. Flowering: The Calla Lily requires no encouragement to get it to bloom.
So long as the moisture and light conditions are within tolerance levels of the plant, the blooms will occur without any special attention. Poisonous for pets: Calla lillies are toxic for pets including dogs and cats if they ingest this plant. Look for signs of mouth irritation, problems swallowing, vomiting or any other unusual symptoms and take your pet to the vet asap to get treated. If you lily refuses to flower for an entire growing season, the problem is likely in the soil.
Test the potting soil for pH. The soil pH should be between 6. If your soil pH is within limits, you might be over watering. Check the moisture level of the soil and adjust so that it is moist, but never soggy, three inches down.
For a plant with good soil pH and good moisture, the problem may be too little sunlight. Increase its light, but not its temperature. Any changes will require at least four weeks to produce blooms. Roseopicta, C. Zebrina, C.
Crocata, C. Makoyana, C Lancifolia and others. Additionally, Houseplantsexpert. Toggle navigation. Zantedeschia Aethiopica. Home Bulb Plants You're Here. Flowering Problems If you lily refuses to flower for an entire growing season, the problem is likely in the soil.
Origin: South Africa.If surrounding yourself with bright colors makes you feel happy, if mixing electric pink tops with teal bottoms is your style, these plants are right up your alley. Canna lilies are big and bold, with leaves that fall into the "large" to "huge" range and flowers that follow suit.
Site these horticultural Titans wherever moderate size shrubs would do, but would simple be too tame. Experiment with a few cannas and let your imagination go wild.
Don't be timid. Botanical Name: Canna generalis 'Robert Kemp'. Your wishlist has been temporarily saved.
Please Log in to save it permanently. Botanical Name: Canna generalis 'Madeira'. Botanical Name: Canna generalis 'Shining Diva'. Botanical Name: Canna indica 'Fire Dragon'.
Botanical Name: Canna 'Pretoria' syn. Pretoria 'Bengal Tiger'. Botanical Name: Canna generalis 'Orange Beauty'. Botanical Name: Canna 'City of Portland'. Botanical Name: Canna generalis 'President'. Shopping Cart. My Account. Welcome to Easy To Grow Bulbs! Login Create Account. Shop Related Products. Out for Season. Quick View. Canna Robert Kemp.
Soaring to feet tall in a summer season, and producing multiple torch-lick clusters of blooms, Robert Kemp is a vigorous, healthy canna to add dimension and drama to your summer garden. More Info Add to Wishlist Your wishlist has been temporarily saved. Out Of Stock! We will notify you when this product becomes available. Available on:. Canna Musifolia. Bright, cardinal red blooms with slender recurved petals are filled with nectar that hummingbirds cannot resist.Often grown for their dramatic foliage - large banana like leaves - Cannas are vibrant tender perennials that provide a strong ornamental interest and immediately give a touch of the tropics in the garden or containers.
Impossibly exotic, they bloom prolifically from mid summer to the first frost in a flamboyant array of colors varying from red, orange, yellow, pink or cream. Their architectural shapes and eye-catching colors make them perfect for planting as focal plants or massed to create a tropical effect. Easy to grow, they stand proud and bold provided some basic rules are respected. Canna 'Lucifer'. Canna 'Musifolia'. Canna 'Richard Wallace'.
Canna 'Ambassadour'. Canna 'City of Portland'. Canna 'Phasion'. Canna 'Erebus'. Canna 'Picasso'. Canna 'Apricot Dream'. Canna 'Toucan Dark Orange'. Canna 'Rosemond Coles'. Canna indica 'Purpurea'. Canna Pretoria'. Canna 'Tropicanna Gold'.
The more eyes, the bigger the plant and more spectacular the flowers. The optimum number of eyes should be Select The Right Site Best flowering occurs in full sun in organically rich, moist and well-drained soils. Canna lilies will survive in the shade but best flower production is obtained in full sun - except in hotter climates where part shade will enable the flowers to last longer.
Choose a sheltered spot and soil that has been improved by digging in well-rotted manure or garden compost. Planting Your Canna Lilies Canna rhizomes can be planted from spring after all danger of frost has passed through early summer. They may be started indoors as early as a month before the average last frost date for earlier blooms or planted directly in the ground after the danger of frost has passed.
As they come from tropical and subtropical regions, cannas are heat-loving plants. Plant your canna rhizomes 4 in.Showy canna lilies feature large, sometimes colorful leaves and gorgeous lily-like blossoms in red, orange, yellow, white and deep rose. Yes, anyone can grow them Without it, this can become a ratty-looking eyesore you'll wish you'd never planted. Canna lily care can be too intensive for some people.
This is certainly not a plant for the armchair gardener - which explains why it isn't planted more often in home landscapes. Only an avid devotee of tropical gardening will enjoy providing the regular attention cannas require - water, fertilization, deadheading, and removing browned leaves.
They also spread, so thinning out beds every few years may be needed. This plant loves water. Some varieties are marginal pond plants that like boggy areas, but most prefer a well-drained location with frequent waterings.
Because of its spreading habit, love of water and need for maintenance, this plant is typically planted alone or with few other plants rather than mixed in with a lot of different things. Rhizomes they look like funky elongated potatoes or young plants are usually available in spring at your local nursery. These plants do best in full to part sun. They'll grow in partial shade, too, but won't flower as much.
Place in an area that isn't subject to strong winds This plant is cold tolerant in South Florida but may die back in cooler areas in winter. Even in Zone 10 they may show some cold damage. If you buy a potted plant, add a mixture of composted cow manure and organic peat moss to the hole before placing the plant. If you're planting rhizomes, prepare the soil of the bed first by removing some dirt and filling with a mixture of composted cow manure and organic peat.
Dig the hole 3 or 4 inches deep, place the rhizome in with its "eyes" facing up eyes are nodules where new growth will sprout. For very tall varieties, you can use tomato cages to help stabilize the plant. Leaves will eventually cover the cage.
This is NOT a drought tolerant plant. Regular watering is a must. Let cannas go too dry and they'll let you know just how unhappy they are with you.
Water 2 to 3 times a week during warm weather. You might want to add water-retention crystals when planting See the page on Watering for more info. Trimming back browned leaves near the base of the plant is a fairly frequent chore. In spring, cut back any parts of the plant that have sustained cold damage to make room for fresh, new growth.
After a number of years, it's beneficial to thin out a bed of cannas by digging up some of the rhizomes. You can use some in other areas of the garden if you like.Home About Care Locations Contact. Canna Lily Care. Care Cannas do best with a good supply of water, so water the plants during the summer if the rainfall is less than 1 inch per week. Water freely in a dry spell. Keep a thin layer of mulch around cannas to help retain moisture as well.
Stake tall varieties if needed. As flowers fade, deadhead to promote continued flowering. After autumn frost blackens the foliage, remove the stems and leaves. See your local frost dates. Cannas are winter hardy in zones 7 to Otherwise, you need to lift the rhizomes for winter storage. Store in barely-moist peat or leaf mold in frost-free conditions.
Space rhizomes so that they are not touching. Rust, fungal leaf spot, and bacterial blight are common. Bean yellow mosaic and tomato spotted wilt viruses can occur. Dig one foot away from the stem so that the rhizome roots that shoot is not damaged. Loosen the soil and lift out the clump. Shake off the dirt and cut off the tops.
Store cannas over the winter in a dry place at 45 to 50 degrees F often an attic or basement. In early spring after the tulips have bloomed, divide the roots. Make sure that each divided piece has at least one eye, where new leaves will grow next year. Then plant 4 to 5 inches deep and 1 to 4 feet apart. They will bloom in 10 to 12 weeks.When canna Canna group blooms have faded, it's time to begin thinking about how to get this tender plant through the winter.
Canna lilies are hardy only in U. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 7 through 10, which means that the bulbs are unlikely to survive in the ground or in containers outdoors during freezing, wet conditions. Even within its hardiness zones, cannas benefit from winter protection.
Then, when the following summer arrives, you can enjoy their striking, tropical flowers once more. In USDA plant hardiness zones lower than 7care for your cannas over winter by lifting them and storing them indoors. Immediately after the first frost in fall or early winter, cut the remaining foliage to 4 to 6 inches tall. Wipe the blades of your pruning shears with rubbing alcohol to disinfect them before and after pruning the canna stems.
Now you can dig up the rhizomes and put them in storage. In USDA hardiness zones 7 or higheryour cannas should be safe in the ground over winter, but to help protect them from cold, wet winter weather, spread a mulch over the growing site after the foliage has died down naturally. A mulch of leaf mold, shredded bark, straw, aged compost or a similar organic material dug in 3 or 4 inches deep into the soil should provide adequate protection. Cannas that grew in containers over the summer only require moving to a frost-free, indoor spot when winter arrives.
There's no need to remove the rhizomes from their pots. After the first frost, cut back the foliage, and then move the containers indoors.
In a cool spot, the plants remain dormant until temperatures begin to rise in spring. To trigger the rhizomes into sprouting, move the containers to a sunny location outdoors when the threat of frost has passed in spring. Alternatively, if you would like to get a head start on growing your cannas so you can enjoy their blooms earlier in the season, place the containers next to a sunny window four to six weeks before the expected final frost date.
When the first shoot tips emerge from the potting soil, sprinkle slow-release fertilizer granules over the soil at the rate stated on the product label. Cannas in containers require only enough water to remain moist. Water the plants when the soil surface is dry to the touch. Place the container somewhere that the water can drain away, and gently pour water into the container until it drips from the drainage holes. Wait until the water has stopped dripping before returning the plant to its usual spot.
A graduate of Leeds University, Jenny Green completed Master of Arts in English literature in and has been writing about gardening and homes since Green's work appears in SFGate, Mom. By Jenny Green Updated October 30, Push a garden fork or a spade into the soil about 4 or 5 inches from the base of the pruned stems to avoid damaging the plant's rhizomes underground.
Lift up the plant and shake off the loose soil.